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Advances in Concrete Construction
  Volume 11, Number 6, June 2021, pages 493-505
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/acc.2021.11.6.493
 
open access

Mechanical properties and durability of alkali-activated slag repair mortars containing silica fume against freeze-thaw cycles and salt scaling attack
Faramarz Moodi, Sepehr Norouzi and Pooria Dashti

 
Abstract
    Freeze and thaw phenomena in cold regions are the main cause of severe damage to concrete structures. Alkaliactivated slag repair mortars, which are introduced as a suitable material for the replacement of Portland cement, can be used as the protective coating for these damaged structures. The mechanical properties and durability of this coating layer should be studied. In this study, the mechanical properties and durability of alkali-activated slag repair mortars with silica fume (SF) participation as inorganic additives against freeze-thaw and salt scaling attacks have been investigated. In order to evaluate the effects of alkaline activators type, the ratio of these solutions to Pozzolan (Pozz), and the use of SF as a substitute base material, these three factors were considered as the main variables to produce 12 alkali-activated slag mortar mixtures. To investigate their mechanical properties, compressive strength, tensile adhesion strength, and drying shrinkage tests were conducted. Also, mortar specimen length change, compressive strength loss, weight loss, and dynamic elastic modulus were measured to evaluate the durability features against freeze-thaw and salt scaling attacks. According to the results, in addition to higher compressive strength and adhesion resistance of alkali-activated slag repair mortars, these mortars showed at least 30% better durability against freeze-thaw and salt scaling attacks than cement-based repair mortar. Also, alkali-activated slag mixtures containing potassium hydroxide, alkaline solution (AS) to Pozz ratio of 0.7, and SF had the best mechanical properties and frost resistance among all mixtures.
 
Key Words
    alkali-activated slag repair mortar; silica fume; durability; freeze-thaw resistance; salt scaling attack
 
Address
Faramarz Moodi, Sepehr Norouzi and Pooria Dashti: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
 
References
    -acc1106005-
 

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