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Advances in Concrete Construction
  Volume 11, Number 4, April 2021, pages 271-284
open access

Behavior of reinforced sustainable concrete hollow-core slabs
Adel A. Al-Azzawi and Mustafa S. Shallal

    This study aims to trace the response of twelve one-way sustainable concrete hollow-core slabs made by reducing cement content and using replacement of coarse aggregate by plastic aggregate. The trial mixes comprise the 25, 50, 75, and 100% replacement of natural coarse aggregate. The compressive strength of the resulting lightweight concrete with full replacement of coarse aggregate by plastic aggregate was 28 MPa. These slabs are considered to have a reduced dead weight due to using lightweight aggregate and due to reducing cross-section through using voids. The samples are tested under two verticals line loads. Several parameters are varied in this study such as; nature of coarse aggregate (natural or recycled), slab line load location, the shape of the core, core diameter, flexural reinforcement ratio, and thickness of the slab. Strain gauges are used in the present study to measure the strain of steel in each slab. The test samples were fourteen one-way reinforced concrete slabs. The slab's dimensions are (1000 mm), (600 mm), (200 mm), (length, width, and thickness). The change in the shape of the core from circular to square and the use of (100 mm) side length led to reducing the weight by about (46%). The cracking and ultimate strength is reduced by about (5%-6%) respectively. With similar values of deflection. The mode of failure will remain flexural. It is recognized that when the thickness of the slab changed from (200 mm to 175 mm) the result shows a reduction in cracking and ultimate strength by about (6% and 7%) respectively.
Key Words
    hollow core slabs; recycled aggregate; PVC plastic aggregate; reinforced concrete; experimental tests; steel reinforcement
Adel A. Al-Azzawi: Department of Civil Engineering, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
Mustafa S. Shallal: Department of Civil Engineering, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

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