Techno Press
You logged in as Techno Press

Advances in Concrete Construction
  Volume 10, Number 2, August 2020 , pages 171-183

Durability assessments of limestone mortars containing polypropylene fibres waste
Khadra Bendjillali, Bensaid Boulekbache and Mohamed Chemrouk

    The main objective of this study is the assessment of the ability of limestone mortars to resist to different chemical attacks. The ability of polypropylene (PP) fibres waste used as reinforcement of these concrete materials to enhance their durability is also studied. Crushed sand 0/2 mm which is a fine limestone residue obtained by the crushing of natural rocks in aggregates industry is used for the fabrication of the mortar. The fibres used, which are obtained from the waste of domestic plastic sweeps\' fabrication, have a length of 20 mm and a diameter ranging between 0.38 and 0.51 mm. Two weight fibres contents are used, 0.5 and 1%. The durability tests carried out in this investigation included the water absorption by capillarity, the mass variation, the flexural and the compressive strengths of the mortar specimens immersed for 366 days in 5% sodium chloride, 5% magnesium sulphate and 5% sulphuric acid solutions. A mineralogical analysis by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and a visual inspection are used for a better examination of the quality of tested mortars and for better interpretation of their behaviour in different solutions. The results indicate that the reinforcement of limestone mortar by PP fibres waste is an excellent solution to improve its chemical resistance and durability. Moreover, the presence of PP fibres waste does not affect significantly the water absorption by capillarity of mortar nether its mass variation, when exposed to chloride and sulphate solutions. While in sulphuric acid, the mass loss is higher with the presence of PP fibres waste, especially after an exposure of 180 days. The results reveal that these fibres have a considerable effect of the flexural and the compressive behaviour of mortar especially in acid solution, where a reduction of strength loss is observed. The mineralogical analysis confirms the good behaviour of mortar immersed in sulphate and chloride solutions; and shows that more gypsum is formed in mortar exposed to acid environment causing its rapid degradation. The visual observation reveals that only samples exposed to acid attack during 366 days have showed a surface damage extending over a depth of approximately 300 um.
Key Words
    fibre concrete; recycled polypropylene fibres; crushed sand; chemical attacks; capillarity; absorption, mechanical strength; expansive gel
Khadra Bendjillali: Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory of Structures Rehabilitation and Materials, University Amar Telidji, P.O. Box 37G, Route de Ghardaia, Laghouat 03000, Algeria
Bensaid Boulekbache: Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory of Materials Sciences and Environment, University Hassiba Benbouali, Chlef, Algeria
Mohamed Chemrouk: Department of Structure and Materials, Laboratory of Buildings in the Environment, University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algiers, Algeria

Techno-Press: Publishers of international journals and conference proceedings.       Copyright © 2023 Techno Press
P.O. Box 33, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-600 Korea, Tel: +82-42-828-7996, Fax : +82-42-828-7997, Email: