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Advances in Concrete Construction
  Volume 10, Number 2, August 2020 , pages 93-104

Shear strengthening of RC beams with Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer (BFRP) composites
S. Kar and K.C. Biswal

    Basalt fiber is an eco-friendly fiber and comparatively newer to the world of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. A limited number of studies have been reported in the literature on the strengthening of reinforced concrete (RC) beams with basalt fiber reinforced polymer (BFRP). The present experimental work explores the feasibility of using the BFRP strips for shear strengthening of the RC beams. The strengthening schemes include full wrap and U-wrap. A simple mechanical anchorage scheme has been introduced to prevent the debonding of U-wrap as well as to utilize the full capacity of the BFRP composite. The effect of varying shear span-to-effective depth (a/d) ratio on the behavior of shear deficient RC beams strengthened with BFRP strips under different schemes is examined. The RC beams were tested under a four-point loading system. The study finds that the beams strengthened with and without BFRP strips fails in shear for a/d ratio 2.5 and the enhancement of the shear capacity of strengthened beams ranges from 5% to 20%. However, the strengthened beams fail in flexure, and the control beam fails in shear for a higher a/d ratio, i.e., 3.5. The experimental results of the present study have been compared with the analytical study and found that the latter gives conservative results.
Key Words
    basalt fiber reinforced polymer (BFRP); reinforced concrete beams; shear strengthening; mechanical anchorage system; shear span to depth ratio
S. Kar and K.C. Biswal: Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha - 769008, India

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