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Advances in Aircraft and Spacecraft Science
  Volume 9, Number 6, November 2022 , pages 525-536
 open access

Use of unmanned aerial systems for communication and air mobility in Arctic region
Gennady V. Chechin, Valentin E. Kolesnichenko and Anton I. Selin

    The current state of telecommunications infrastructure in the Arctic does not allow providing a wide range of required services for people, businesses and other categories, which necessitates the use of non-traditional approaches to its organization. The paper proposes an innovative approach to building a combined communication network based on tethered high-altitude platform station (HAPS) located at an altitude of 1-7 km and connected via radio channels with terrestrial and satellite communication networks. Network configuration and composition of telecommunication equipment placed on HAPS and located on the terrestrial and satellite segment of the network was justified. The availability of modern equipment and the distributed structure of such an integrated network will allow, unlike existing networks (Iridium, Gonets, etc.), to organize personal mobile communications, data transmission and broadband Internet up to 100 Mbps access for mobile and fixed subscribers, rapid transmission of information from Internet of Things (IoT) sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). A substantiation of the possibility of achieving high network capacity in various paths is presented: inter-platform radio links, subscriber radio links, HAPS feeder lines - terrestrial network gateway, HAPS radio links - satellite retransmitter (SR), etc. The economic efficiency of the proposed solution is assessed.
Key Words
    gateway; high altitude platform station (HAPS); low earth orbit (LEO); radio channel; radioisotope power system (RPS); unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
Gennady V. Chechin, Valentin E. Kolesnichenko and Anton I. Selin: Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), 125993 Volokolamskoe highway 4, Moscow, Russian Federation

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