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CONTENTS
Volume 11, Number 4, August 2022
 


Abstract
Laminated composite plates are utilized extensively in different fields of construction and industry thanks to their advantages such as high stiffness-to-weight ratio. Additionally, they are characterized by their directional properties that permit the designer to optimize their stiffness for specific applications. This paper presents a numerical analysis and optimization study of plates made of composite subjected to low velocity impact. The main aim is to identify the optimum fiber orientations of the composite plates that resist low velocity impact load. First, a threedimensional finite element model is built using LS DYNA computer software package to perform the impact analyses. The composite plate has been modeled using solid elements. The failure criteria of Tsai-Wu's criterion have been used to control the strength of the composite material. A good agreement has been found between the predicted numerical results and experimental results in the literature which validate the finite element model. Then, an Adaptive Simulated Annealing (ASA) has been used to optimize the response of impacted composite laminate where its objective is to maximize the safety factor by varying the ply angles. The results show that the ASA is robust in the sense that it is capable of predicting the best optimal designs.

Key Words
adaptive simulated annealing, composite, delamination, failure, finite elements, impact, Mat020, Safety Factor: Mat054/55, Tsai-Wu

Address
Lamsadfa Sidamar: Laboratory of Materials and Energy, University of Tamanghasset, Tamanghasset, Algeria
Zirmi Said, Mamouri Said: Laboratory of Mechanics Modelisation and Experiments, University of Béchar, Béchar, Algeria

Abstract
The objective of this paper is to study the effect of frequency in a two-dimensional orthotropic thermoelastic rotating solid with fractional order heat transfer in generalized thermoelasticity with two-temperature due to inclined load. As an application the bounding surface is subjected to uniformly and linearly distributed loads (mechanical and thermal source). The problem is solved with the help of Fourier transform. Assuming the disturbances to be harmonically time dependent, the expressions for displacement components, stress components, conductive temperature and temperature change are derived in frequency domain. Numerical inversion technique has been used to determine the results in physical domain. The results are depicted graphically to show the effect of frequency on various components. Some particular cases are also discussed in the present research.

Key Words
Fourier transform; fractional order; frequency domain; inclined load; orthotropic; rotation; twotemperature; uniformly and linearly distributed loads

Address
Parveen Lata and Himanshi: Department of Basic and Applied Sciences, Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab, India

Abstract
Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) modeling is highly effective to reveal deformations, fatigue failures, and stresses on a solid domain caused by the fluid flow. Mechanical properties of the solid structures and the thermophysical properties of fluids can change under different operating conditions. In this study, we investigated the interaction of [45/-45]2 wounded composite tubes with the fluid flows suddenly pressurized to 5 Bar, 10 Bar, and 15 Bar at the ambient temperatures of 24oC, 66oC, and 82oC, respectively. Numerical analyzes were performed under each temperature and pressure condition and the results were compared depending on the time in a period and along the length of the tube. The main purpose of this study is to present the effects of the variations in fluid characteristics by temperature and pressure on the structural response. The variation of the thermophysical properties of the fluid directly affects the deformation and stress in the material due to the Wall Shear Stress (WSS) generated by the fluid flow. The increase or decrease in WSS directly affected the deformations. Results show that the increase in deformation is more than 50% between 5 Bar and 10 Bar for the same operating condition and it is more than 100% between 5 Bar and 15 Bar by the increase in pressure, as expected in terms of the solid mechanics. In the case of the increase in the temperature of fluid and ambient, the WSS and Von Mises stress decrease while the slight increases of deformations take place on the tube. On the other hand, two-way FSI modeling is needed to observe the effects of hydraulic shock and developing flow on the structural response of composite tubes.

Key Words
computational fluid dynamics, deformation, Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite (FRPC), fluid-structure interaction, wall shear stress

Address
Fatih Daricik, Gökhan Canbolat: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Antalya, Türkiye
Murat Koru: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Isparta, Türkiye

Abstract
It's important to note that the number of studies on the lateral vibration of steel liquid storage tanks has been quite modest in the past. The aim of this research has to look at the variables that affect vibration of storage tanks and to highlight the characteristics of a construction that hasn't received much attention in the literature. The storage tank has pre-sized in the study, and aluminum and steel have chosen as components. The specified material qualities and the factors utilized in the investigation has used to calculate vibration frequency values. The resulting calculations are backed up by tables and graphs, and it's an important to look into the parameters that affect the vibration frequencies that will occur on the designed storage tank vary. In the literature, water tanks are usually modelled as lumped masses. The horizontal stiffness of the column on which it is placed is assumed to be constant throughout. This is an approximation method of solving this problem. The column is handled in this study with a more realistic approach that fits the continuum mechanics in the analysis. The reservoir part is incorporated directly into the problem as the boundary condition.

Key Words
Fourier series; functionally graded materials; nonlocal elasticity theory; steel liquid storage tanks; vibration analysis

Address
Yakup Harun Çavuş, Togay Küpeli and Mustafa Özgür Yayli: Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bursa Uludag University, Bursa, Türkiye

Abstract
This paper presents a parametric study on the free vibration analysis of a functionally graded material (FGM) circular plate with non-uniform thickness resting on a variable Pasternak elastic foundation. The mechanical properties of the material vary in the transverse direction through the thickness of the plate according to the powerlaw distribution to represent the constituent components. The equation of motion of the circular plate has been carried out based on the classical plate theory (CPT), and the differential quadrature method (DQM) is employed to solve the governing equations as a semi-analytical method. The grid points are chosen based on Chebyshev-Gauss-Lobatto distribution to achieve acceptable convergence and better accuracy. The influence of geometric parameters, variable elastic foundation, and functionally graded variation for clamped and simply supported boundary conditions on the first three natural frequencies are investigated. Comparisons of results with similar studies in the literature have been presented and two-dimensional mode shapes for particular plates have been plotted to illustrate the effect of variable thickness profile.

Key Words
circular plates; DQM; FGM; free vibration; Pasternak foundation; variable thickness

Address
Bassem M. Abdelbaki, Mohamed E. Sayed Ahmed and Ahmed M. Al Kaisy: Mathematics and Physics Department, Faculty of Engineering, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt


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