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CONTENTS
Volume 9, Number 4, July 2022
 


Abstract
This paper analyzes the possibilities of a new method to using TLE data for detecting satellite maneuvers. The method has a number of advantages over other methods that are designed to detect maneuvers. It allows not only to detect maneuvers, but also to get a more complete picture of the maneuver. In particular, the method makes it possible to estimate the moments of the beginning and end of the maneuver, calculate the changes in the orbital elements, evaluate the tangential and binormal components of the impulse, and finally, calculate the impulse of the satellite obtained as a result of the maneuver. To demonstrate in detail the capabilities of the algorithm, the proposed method was applied to one of LEO satellites - TIANHUI-1 satellite. After the efficiency of the method was proved, this method was applied to the China Space Station - TIANHE-1 (CSS), Starlink-1095 and Starlink-2305 satellites. The maneuvers of the CSS and Starlink-1095 satellite during their close encounter on 1 July, 2021, and the CSS and Starlink-2305 satellite during their close encounter on 21 October, 2021 are analyzed in detail. The minimum distances between the CSS and Starlink satellites at the moments of their maximum approaches are estimated. An estimate of the computation time of this algorithm is given, and the possibility of its use for monitoring maneuvers or other anomalous orbital changes of a large number of satellites in near real-time is shown. It is assumed that on the basis of this method, a service for monitoring satellite maneuvers can be created.

Key Words
China Space Station; LEO satellite; maneuver detection; satellite maneuver; Starlink satellite; two-line element

Address
Abdikul E. Ashurov: Department of Space Engineering and Technology, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University,
2 Satpayev, Nur-Sultan, 010008, Republic of Kazakhstan

Abstract
This paper presents the free vibration analysis of 3D printed sandwich beams by using high-order theories based on the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF). In particular, the component-wise (CW) approach is adopted to achieve a high fidelity model of the printed part. The present model has been used to build an accurate database for collecting first natural frequency of the beams, then predicting Young's modulus based on an inverse problem formulation. The database is built from a set of randomly generated material properties of various values of modulus of elasticity. The inverse problem then allows finding the elastic modulus of the input parameters starting from the information on the required set of the output achieved experimentally. The natural frequencies evaluated during the experimental test acquired using a Digital Image Correlation method have been compared with the results obtained by the means of CUF-CW model. The results obtained from the free-vibration analysis of the FDM beams, performed by higher-order one-dimensional models contained in CUF, are compared with ABAQUS results both first five natural frequency and degree of freedoms. The results have shown that the proposed 1D approach can provide 3D accuracy, in terms of free vibration analysis of FDM printed sandwich beams with a significant reduction in the computational costs.

Key Words
additive manufacturing; Carrera unified formulation; digital image correlation; fused deposition modeling; inverse problem; material characterization

Address
Mohamed Refat: Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Bologna, Vialedel Risorgimento,2,40136 Bologna, Italy; MUL2 Group, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
Enrico Zappino. Alberto Racionero Sánchez-Majano. Alfonso Pagani: MUL2 Group, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy

Abstract
This work presents a numerical investigation of the aerodynamics and aero acoustics of the HVAB rotor in hover conditions. Two fully turbulent models are employed, the one-equation Spalart-Allmaras model and the two-equation k-w SST model. Transition effects are investigated as well using the Langtry-Menter r-Re t transition transport model. The noise generation and propagation are being investigated using the Ffows-Williams Hawking model for far-field noise and the broadband model for near-field noise. Comparisons with other numerical solvers and with the PSP rotor test data are presented. The results are presented in terms of thrust and power coefficients, the figure of merit, surface pressure distribution, and Sound pressure level. Velocity, pressure, and vortex structures generated by the rotor are also shown in this work. In addition, this work investigates the contribution of different blade regions to the overall noise levels and emphasizes the importance of considering specific areas for future improvements.

Key Words
CFD simulation, helicopter, hover, HVAB, noise

Address
Hajar Mali, Kawtar Benmansour, Omer Elsayed and Khaoula Qaissi: LERMA Lab., School of Aerospace Engineering, International University of Rabat, Campus UIR Parc Technopolis, Rocade, Rabat-Sale, 11100 - Sala Al Jadida, Maroc

Abstract
Airport operations are well-known as a bottleneck in the air traffic system, putting growing pressure on the world's busiest airports to schedule arrivals and departures as efficiently as possible. Effective planning and control are essential for increasing airport efficiency and reducing aircraft delays. Many algorithms for controlling the arrival/departure queuing area are handled, considering it as first in first out queues, where any available aircraft can take off regardless of its relative sequence with other aircraft. In the suggested system, this problem was compared to the problem of scheduling n tasks (plane takeoffs and landings) on a multiple machine (runways). The proposed technique decreases delays (via efficient runway allocation or allowing aircraft to be expedited to reach a scheduled time) to enhance runway capacity and decrease delays. The aircraft scheduling problem entails arranging aircraft on available runways and scheduling their landings and departures while considering any operational constraints. The topic of this work is the scheduling of aircraft landings and takeoffs on multiple runways. Each aircraft's takeoff and landing schedules have time windows, as well as minimum separation intervals between landings and takeoffs. We present and evaluate a variety of comprehensive concepts and solutions for scheduling aircraft arrival and departure times, intending to reduce delays relative to scheduled times. When compared to First Come First Serve scheduling algorithm, the suggested strategy is usually successful in reducing the average waiting time and average tardiness while optimizing runway use.

Key Words
aircraft scheduling; aircraft sequencing; minimizing delays; optimizing runway utilization; tardiness; waiting time

Address
Ali Wided and Bouakkaz Fatima: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Larbi Tebessi University, Tebessa, Algeria

Abstract
The ability of baffles in increasing the sloshing damping is investigated in this study by theoretical, numerical, and experimental methods. Baffles Installed as separators in containers, can change the dynamic properties of sloshing. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of baffle placement.The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of placing baffles in order to provide appropriate frequencies and damping and to present a practical baffle arrangement in the design of sloshing. In this regard, an experimental setup is designed to study the fluid sloshing behavior and damping properties in cylindrical tanks filled up to an arbitrary depth. A new combination of annular and sectorial baffles is employed to evaluate fluid sloshing in the tank. The results show that the proposed baffle arrangement has a desired effect on the damping and fluid sloshing frequencies and optimally satisfies the anticipated design requirements. In addition, the theoretical frequencies exceed empirical frequencies at the points far from baffles, while at the points close to baffles, the empirical ones are higher than theoretical ones. Also, at the depths near the bottom of container sloshing frequencies are not affected by sectorial baffles, although the theoretical curve predicts a reduction in the fundamental frequency of sloshing. Finally, the results of finite volume and finite element methods which compared with experimental data, indicated a good agreement between different approaches.

Key Words
anti-slosh baffles; circular cylindrical containers; damping ratio; finite volume method; free surface elevation; surface wave theory

Address
Mohammad Mahdi Mohammadi: Faculty of Mechanics, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Hamid Moosazadeh: Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


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